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# disjoint2(+Rectangles)

Constrains the position (and possibly size) of the rectangles in Rectangles so that none overlaps.
*Rectangles*
- Collection of rect{} structures specifying
the position and size of rectangles on a grid.

## Description

A two dimensional disjunctive constraint that constrains the replacement
of a collection of rectangles specified by Rectangles to not overlap in
their areas.

Each rectangle is defined by a rect named structure, using the
following fields:

- x:
- The x co-ordinate of the left side of the rectangle
- y:
- The y co-ordinate of the bottom side of the rectangle.
- w:
- The width of the rectangle
- h:
- The height of the rectangle

x, y, w, h can be domain variables or integers. If w and h are
integers, then the rectangle is of a fixed size. Note the rect{}
structure has an additional 'o' field, which is ignored for this
constraint as it is only used for disjoint2_optional/1.
Note that the constraint is implemented by different Gecode propagators,
depending on if all the rectangles are of fixed size or not. If at
least one rectangle is not of fixed size, then the Gecode
propagator requires additional variables for the right and top
sides of the rectangles, plus additional constraints

Xright #= Xleft + Width
Ytop #= Ybot + Height

for each rectangles. These are posted as part of the constraint (the Xright
and Ytop variables are not accessible by the user).
Any input variables which are not already domain variables will be
converted into domain variables with default bounds.

A version of this constraint, generalised from two to multi-
dimension, is known as diffn in the Global Constraint Catalog.

This constraint is implemented using Gecode's nooverlap() constraint.

## Examples

[eclipse 17]: disjoint2([rect{x:2,y:1,w:2,h:3},rect{x:4,y:3,w:4,h:3},
rect{x:9,w:2,y:4,h:3}]). % succeed

## See Also

disjoint2_optional / 1, eclipse_6 : collection_to_list / 2, lists : collection_to_list / 2