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# div(+Number1, +Number2, -Result)

Evaluates the integer quotient Number1 div Number2 and unifies the resulting
value with Result.
*Number1*
- Integer.
*Number2*
- Integer.
*Result*
- A variable or integer.

## Description

This predicate is used by the ECLiPSe compiler to expand evaluable
arithmetic expressions. So the call to div(Number1, Number2, Result) is
equivalent to
Result is Number1 div Number2

which should be preferred for portability.
This division operates on integer arguments, and delivers an
integer result rounded down towards negative infinity (floored).
The corresponding remainder is computed by the mod operation, such
that the following equivalence always holds:

X =:= (X mod Y) + (X div Y) * Y.

The relationship with floating-point division is:
X div Y =:= integer(floor(X/Y)).

In coroutining mode, if Number1 or Number2 are uninstantiated, the call
to (div)/3 is delayed until these variables are instantiated.

### Modes and Determinism

### Exceptions

*(4) instantiation fault *
- Number1 or Number2 is not instantiated (non-coroutining mode only).
*(5) type error *
- Number1 or Number2 is a number but not an integer.
*(24) number expected *
- Number1 or Number2 is not of a numeric type.
*(20) arithmetic exception *
- Illegal arithmetic operation: division by 0

## Examples

Success:
X is 10 div 3. ( gives X = 3)
div( 10, 3, 3).
div(-10, 3, -4).
div( 10, -3, -4).
div(-10, -3, 3).
Fail:
div(1, 2, 3).
div(6, 2, 3.0).
div(5, 2, r).
Error:
div(A, 2, 6). (Error 4).
div(6, 2.0, 3.0). (Error 5).
div(2, 0, Result). (Error 20).
div(4 + 2, 2, 12). (Error 24).

## See Also

is / 2, // / 3, mod / 3