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Associates an address with a given socket stream.
- Atom or integer.
- Atom, structure or variable.
bind/2 is a direct link to the bind(2) system call, available on
Berkeley systems. Stream must be a socket stream created with socket/3.
If the socket was created in the unix domain, Address must be an atom
which identifies the file associated with the socket. This file name
can then be used by other processes to connect with this socket using
the predicate connect/2.
If the socket is in the internet domain, the address is in the form
HostName/Port, where any of Address or HostName or Port may be
uninstantiated. When the port is already in use, the predicate raises
an error and so it is always safest to call bind/2 with Address
uninstantiated (this corresponds to the INADDR_ANY value for the system
call), and upon success it will be instantiated to the hostname and
selected port number.
Stream sockets are connected using the standard sequence, i.e.
socket/3, bind/2, listen/2 and accept/3 on the server and socket/3 and
connect/2 on the client. After the sockets are connected, both
processes can use them for reading and writing.
Datagram sockets require a connect/2 call from the process that wants to
write on the socket and bind/2 from the one that reads from it.
Modes and Determinism
- bind(+, +) is det
- bind(+, -) is det
- (4) instantiation fault
- Stream is not instantiated.
- (5) type error
- Stream is instantiated, but not to an atom or an integer.
- (5) type error
- Address is instantiated but not to the form accepted by the socket domain.
- (170) system interface error
- It was not possible to bind the socket.
bind(s, Host/p) (Error 5).
bind(s, '/usr/bin') (Error 170).
socket / 3, listen / 2, accept / 3, connect / 2, new_socket_server / 3, current_stream / 1, get_stream_info / 3