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read_token(+Stream, -Token, -Class)

Succeeds if the next token from the input stream Stream is successfully read and unified with Token and its token class with Class.
Integer (stream number) or Atom (reserved or user-defined symbolic stream name).
Variable or constant.
Variable or atom.


This predicate is an interface to the ECLiPSe tokenizer. It can be used to read terms which are not ended by a fullstop or even to build whole new parsers. The next token from the input stream Stream is read and unified with Token. The token class of this token is unified with Class.

The possible token classes with examples:

   | Input Example  Token    Class        |
   |------------------------------------  |
   | X              "X"      var          |
   | _              "_"      anonymous    |
   | abc            'abc'    atom         |
   | 'a-b'          'a-b'    quoted_atom  |
   | 123            123      integer      |
   | 1.2            1.2      float        |
   | 1_3            1_3      rational     |
   | 0.9__1.1       0.9__1.1 breal        |
   | "abc"          "abc"    string       |
   | |              "|"      solo         |
   | )              ")"      solo         |
   | (              ")"      solo         |
   | <SPACE>(       "("      open_par     |
   | ,              ','      comma        |
   | .<NL>          '.'      fullstop     |
   | 1e789<NL>      "1e789"  error        |
Note that round, square and curly brackets are solo tokens whose value is returned as a string. Opening brackets preceded by space are treated specially as open_par tokens. Comma and fullstop have their own token class. All syntax errors are reported as class error, with the input string up to the error as Token. The default error handler for the event 190 (reading EOF) returns end_of_file in both Class and Token.

Note about signed numbers: the tokenizer returns a sign followed by a number as two separate tokens. For instance, the input "-5" is read as two tokens, the atom '-' and the integer 5. In the case of bounded reals, this leads to "-1.1__-0.9" being returned as the atom '-' and the bounded real 1.1__-0.9. This is a non-canonical breal, since the upper bound is lower than the lower bound. read_token/2,3 is the only predicate that can produce such objects, and it is the programmer's responsibility to construct a valid breal using breal_bounds/3 and breal_from_bounds/3, taking the sign into account. Note that all other arithmetic operations are undefined on non-canonical breals.

Modes and Determinism


This predicate is sensitive to its module context (tool predicate, see @/2).


(4) instantiation fault
Stream is not instantiated.
(5) type error
Stream is not an atom or an integer.
(5) type error
Class does not unify with an atom.
(190) end of file reached
End of file was encountered before reading any character.
(192) illegal stream mode
Stream is not an input stream.
(193) illegal stream specification
Stream is an illegal stream specification.
(198) reading past the file end
Trying to read even after the error 190 was raised.


      [eclipse 1]: read_token(input,T,C).
      T = []
      C = atom
      [eclipse 2]: read_token(input,T,C).
      T = "["
      C = solo
      [eclipse 3]: read_token(input, "k",C).
      C = string
      [eclipse 4]: read_token(input,T,C).
      T = "X"
      C = var
      [eclipse 5]: read_token(input,T,C).
      T = 1.6e-05
      C = float

      [eclipse 6]: read_token(input, "[", C).

      [eclipse 7]: read_token(input, T, C).
      T = end_of_file
      C = end_of_file
      yes. (Error 190, default handler)

      read_token(S, a(b,c), C).         (Error 4).
      read_token("string", a(b,c), C).  (Error 5).
      read_token(9, X + 2, C).          (Error 192). % stream not open
      read_token(atom, X + 2, C).       (Error 193).

See Also

get_chtab / 2, set_chtab / 2, read_token / 2