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plus(?Add1, ?Add2, ?Sum)

Succeeds if Sum is the sum of integer arguments Add1 and Add2.
Add1
an integer or a variable
Add2
an integer or a variable
Sum
an integer or a variable

Description

Defines the arithmetic relation Add1 + Add2 = Sum. If all arguments are instantiated plus/3 succeeds if this relation holds. If one of the arguments is uninstantiated, it is bound to an integer such that the relation holds. If the system is in coroutining mode and more than one argument is uninstantiated, plus/3 delays until at least two of the arguments are known.

Modes and Determinism

Exceptions

(5) type error
an argument is neither an integer nor a variable
(4) instantiation fault
more than one argument is uninstantiated (non-coroutining mode only)

Examples

   Success:
   plus(1, 2, 3).
   plus(3, 4, Z).                   (gives Z=7)
   plus(X, 4, 7).                   (gives X=3)
   plus(3, Y, 7).                   (gives Y=4)
   Fail:
   plus(3, 4, 5).
   Error:
   plus(3.0, 4.0, 7.0).             (error 5)
   plus(2 + 3, 1, 6).               (error 5)
   plus(X, 1, Z).                   (error 4)



See Also

times / 3