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ln(+Number, -Result)

Evaluates the natural logarithm ln(Number) and unifies the resulting value with Result.
A number.
A variable float or breal.


This predicate is used by the ECLiPSe compiler to expand evaluable arithmetic expressions. So the call to ln(Number, Result) is equivalent to
    Result is ln(Number)
which should be preferred for portability.

In coroutining mode, if Number is uninstantiated, the call to ln/2 is delayed until this variable is instantiated.

Modes and Determinism


(4) instantiation fault
Number is not instantiated (non-coroutining mode only).
(5) type error
Result is a number but not a float or breal.
(24) number expected
Number is not of a numeric type.
(24) number expected
Result is neither a number nor a variable.
(20) arithmetic exception
Illegal arithmetic operation: Number is 0 or less.


      ln(2.0, Result).          (gives Result = 0.693147)
      ln(1, Result).            (gives Result = 0.0)
      ln(1, 1.0).
      ln(A, 6.0).                   (Error 4).
      ln(1, 0).                     (Error 5).
      ln(-2, Result).               (Error 20).
      ln(0, Result).                (Error 20).
      ln(4 + 2, 1.79176).           (Error 24).
      ln(1, r).                     (Error 24).

See Also

is / 2