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connect(+Stream, +Address)

Connects a socket with the given address.
Stream
Atom or integer.
Address
Atom, integer or structure.

Description

connect/2 is a direct link to the connect(2) system call, available on Berkeley systems. Stream must be a socket stream created with socket/3. If the socket was created in the unix domain, Address must be an atom which identifies the file associated with the socket. If Address is 0 and socket type is datagram, the socket is disconnected.

If the socket is in the internet domain, the address is in the form HostName/Port, where the atom HostName denotes the host to be connected on the given integer port Port. If Address is 0/0 and socket type is datagram, the socket is disconnected.

Every socket communication in ECLiPSe requires at least one of every two communicating processes to call connect/2, because system calls to perform direct datagram addressing are not available. The socket connection can be queried with get_stream_info(s, connection, C).

Stream sockets are connected using the standard sequence, i.e. socket/3, bind/2, listen/2 and accept/3 on the server and socket/3 and connect/2 on the client. After the sockets are connected, both processes can use them for reading and writing.

Datagram sockets require a connect/2 call from the process that wants to write on the socket and bind/2 from the one that reads from it.

If a system interface error (170) is raised while calling connect/2, the socket will be automatically closed. This is to get around a problem where the connect(2) system call can leave the socket in an incorrect state on some operating systems.

Modes and Determinism

Exceptions

(4) instantiation fault
Stream or Address is not instantiated.
(5) type error
Stream is instantiated, but not to an atom or an integer.
(5) type error
Address is instantiated but not to the form accepted by the socket domain.
(6) out of range
Address is a nonzero integer.
(170) system interface error
It was not possible to connect the socket.

Examples

Success:

Error:
      bind(s, Host/p)               (Error 5).
      bind(s, '/usr/bin')           (Error 170).



See Also

socket / 3, listen / 2, accept / 3, connect / 2, current_stream / 1, get_stream_info / 3