# Re: [eclipse-clp-users] Question regarding the redefined variable

From: Choughule, Yogesh <Yogesh.Choughule_at_...390...>
Date: Mon, 15 Dec 2014 09:16:47 +0000
Hi Matthew

Thank you for your explanation in detail.

Regards

Yogesh C.

________________________________________
From: mskala_at_...206... [mskala@...206...]
Sent: 15 December 2014 17:55:18
To: Choughule, Yogesh
Cc: Kish Shen; eclipse-clp-users_at_lists.sourceforge.net
Subject: Re: [eclipse-clp-users] Question regarding the redefined variable

On Mon, 15 Dec 2014, Choughule, Yogesh wrote:
> :-lib(ic).
>
> solve(A, B) :-
>
> A \$= 2,         % A defined as 2
> B \$= 3 + A,  % A is used to calculate B
> A \$= B + 2.  % A takes new value
>
> My question is,
> Is there any way i can define A twice in the same code?

Comma "," doesn't mean "Do this, then do that."  It means "This must be
true AND that must be true also."  So your code above says:

(A = 2) AND (B = A+3) AND (A = B+2).

In principle all those things must be true at the same time; not one after
another.  So A = A+5 by simple algebra.  It is not possible for A to be a
number and that statement to be true (no number is equal to itself plus
five) so the system detects it as a contradiction and returns failure.

Variables in Prolog are like variables in mathematics.  They are not like
2 more to get a sum of 7 using constraint programming, you must write
something more like this:

A \$= 2,
B \$= 3 + A,
C \$= B + 2.

There are other ways to do arithmetic in Prolog, for instance using "is",
but that still won't cause "X AND Y" into "X, but then X stops being true

If you want to undo the assignment of 2 to A, that is possible using
backtracking, or non-logical operations like assert and retract, but there
are other concepts you'll need to learn first.

--
Matthew Skala
mskala_at_...206...                 People before principles.
http://ansuz.sooke.bc.ca/

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