Re: [eclipse-users] Question about setof/3

From: Andrew Eremin <>
Date: Fri, 27 Oct 2006 11:49:13 +0100
Hash: SHA1

Hi Ulrich,

>>> a question about setof/3: The manual states that the result is sorted
>>> but I could not find according to which ordering.  I guess, it's the
>>> standart term order.
>>> How could an implementation of setof/3 look like that uses an arbitrary,
>>> i.e., user-supplied ordering?
>> Use bagof/3 (or the faster findall/3), and sort the resulting list
>> afterwards.
> I need to sort the result of bagof/3 according to a user-supplied function.
> I thought of something like the Java function "sort(List,Comparator)" in
> java.util.Collections, e.g., a predicate sort/3 with 
> sort(+Comparator,+Random,-Sorted).  I did not find anything similar in the
> Referendce Manual.
> Can you suggest me some code that I could reuse?

Joachim's suggestion would still be the best option if the user can be
required to supply a predicate that maps a list element to an "order
value" instead of a comparator. If that's not possible, then here's a
simple implementation using insertion sort. I'm assuming there's an
appropriate specification of Goal to find a list element and that
Compare is the functor of the user-supplied arity 2 comparison predicate
that succeeds if its first argument precedes its second argument in the
desired ordering and fails otherwise:

findall(Term, Goal, List),
    foreach(Term, List),
    fromto([], In, Out, Sorted),
    user_insertion_sort(In, Term, Compare, Out)

user_insertion_sort([], Term, _Compare, [Term]).
user_insertion_sort([H|T], Term, Compare, Sorted) :-
    Comparison =.. [Compare, H, Term],
    ( call(Comparison) ->
        Sorted = [H|Sorted0],
        user_insertion_sort(T, Term, Compare, Sorted)
        Sorted = [Term, H|T]

Versions using other sorting algorithms (merge sort, bubble sort etc.)
are an exercise for the reader ;)

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Received on Fri Oct 27 2006 - 11:46:38 CEST

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